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Bell Ringer: President Johnson’s Reconstruction Policy


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Professor Michael Ross explains the Reconstruction policies of President Andrew Johnson. (6 mins)


  • History Professor Michael Ross, University of Maryland, College Park


  • Reconstruction
  • Policy
  • Session
  • Habeas Corpus
  • 13th amendment
  • Repudiate
  • Amnesty
  • Confederates
  • Black Codes

Bell Ringer Assignment

  • Describe the makeup of Congress during the beginning of the Reconstruction period. How did this effect Congress’s beliefs and policies toward Reconstruction?
  • When did the typical session of Congress occur during this time? How did this affect Reconstruction policy?
  • Explain the three main points of President Johnson’s Reconstruction Plan.
  • What exceptions were there to the amnesty provision in President Johnson’s plan? Why were these included, and what were their practical effect?
  • Explain the results of the southern state’s new elections. What did these legislatures begin to enact?