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Bell Ringer: The Black Codes during the Reconstruction Era


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Michael Ross discusses the Black Codes during the Reconstruction era. (4 mins)


  • Michael Ross, University of Maryland History Professor


  • Plantation
  • Vagrancy Laws
  • Provisions
  • Slavery

Bell Ringer Assignment

  • According to Mr. Ross, what were the Black Codes?
  • What rights did they afford African Americans that they did not have during slavery?
  • How did they shape the freedom of former slaves?
  • According to Mr. Ross, why were these codes enacted?